I could write about one or more of my brick walls this week, but one of the things I enjoy most about researching my family history is how many of them impress and inspire me. Thus, I’d rather write about an ancestor who faced a challenge.
Lydia McDaniel and Alexander Hutchison married in Monroe County, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1852. Alexander was called to the ministry of the Red Oak Ridge Brethren congregation, in Mercer County and they moved there. Their daughter Cynthia was born in Mercer County in 1856. With the exception of one brother who died before he joined the church, all of Alexander’s brothers were ministers. The Brethren are one of the religious groups that holds opposition to war as one of their basic tenets.
Times of war were always difficult for those who were members of pacifist faiths. Those outside their faith saw them as disloyal. The Civil War was no exception, and for those along what would become the VA/WV border, it was particularly difficult because the could run afoul of units of either army. Andrew Hutchison was stopped by a Confederate unit and when he refused to join their ranks the commander ordered his men to shoot him. Only the entreaties of one or more unit members who knew Andrew and knew that he told the truth when he said that he was both physically unable to serve because of a childhood injury and a Brethren minister, saved his life.
Knowing that their lives were constantly in danger, many of the Brethren left the area for the duration of the war. Alexander and his brothers moved their families west. They did not dare tell those who remained exactly where they were. So, we know that Alexander Hutchison contracted typhoid fever and died on 22 Aug 1864, but we don’t know where the family was at the time, other than that they were not in Mercer County. We also don’t know when they got to go home.
Alexander’s death left Lydia with four small children, the fourth just having been born that March. Appraisers were appointed in 1866, the value of his was recorded with the court in May 1867. It was 1870 before the appraisal was finalized with the courts, after his carpentry tools had been sold.
Lydia never remarried. Somehow she kept the farm and the family going, and they did well considering the loss of Alexander and the other ways they would have been affected by the Civil War. All of her children were among the founding members of the Smith Chapel Brethren Church, which still exists in Mercer County, West Virginia today. When she died in 1880, her personal property was worth about $350, the equivalent of about $10,000 today.